E or Equipment

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E or Equipment

You may need to identify different, more appropriate equipment in order to maximize an individual’s ability to perform a task or skill.equipment

As an instructor, consider using objects of varying size, shape, weight, and color to address the needs and abilities of your participants.

Examples
Some examples of equipment modifications include: – using smaller, larger, or lighter equipment based on the participant’s need – using objects that make sound or light up – and/or using your hand or arm as a striking implement instead of using a bat or paddle.

Size: Typically, larger balls promote higher levels of success in catching, striking, and kicking types of activities

Shape: Soft objects with edges, such as a square or octagon, are easier for beginners to catch than a round ball which has no clear edges to grab or discriminate.

Weight:  Lighter weight equipment is easier to throw or project for individuals with strength limitations. For example, using a volleyball instead of a basketball to shoot at a regulation size hoop might be useful for those with limited strength.

Color: Brightly colored objects are easier to see and track. Be sure the color of the object is different from the lights and walls, or background color, so the individual can clearly discriminate it from the background. For example, if a participant has a visual impairment that has resulted in limited vision, you might use a brightly colored red ball while playing soccer on a green turf field. If a participant is completely blind, you might choose to use a balloon or ball with bells in it.

Examples
For example, the picture above shows three equipment modifications that would allow a participant who uses a wheelchair to work on the skill of striking like his peers: (1)suspending a ball from a string so that it is stationary; (2)hitting a ball on a string will provide a pendulum swing, allowing the participant to continuously hit an object that moves in predictable path; and (3)allowing the participant who uses a wheelchair to strike a ball using his hand instead of using a racket.